Ensuring satisfactory mileage, and being certain you’re benefiting from optimal safety while on the road means you need to look after your tyres by the book. Car tyre care and maintenance will allow you to enjoy a smooth ride at all times, and will prevent you from dealing with potential incidents that might put your safety and the safety of your passengers at risk.
But what exactly does proper maintenance mean? What should you be focusing on first? The following tips will help you stay on top of tyre care requirements, and pursue the right actions in this department:
Avoid excessive tyre spinning
You’ve probably gotten stuck on more than one occasion in either mud, snow or ice. A mistake most drivers tend to make in these situations is to spin the tyres excessively, which can ultimately lead to over-heating, or even irreparable damage.
When you’re confronted with this type of scenario, you are recommended to avoid excessive spinning, and use gentle back and forth rocking motions instead. This will allow you to get out of the mud or snow, without actually causing extreme damage to your tyres.
Safety tip: don’t stand behind or near tyres spinning at high speed levels, when you are trying to push a stuck vehicle, or when using an on-car spin balance machine.
Rotate your tyres regularly
The tread on the front and rear tyres of your vehicle usually wears at different rates, considering these tyres have a different way of running. You already know how important tyre tread is, maintaining your car’s traction capabilities on slippery roads, but what you might not have acknowledged until now is how relevant it is to rotate your tyres on a regular basis.
To make sure the tread wears evenly, what you are recommended to do here is visit a car shop and get your tyres rotated. Tyre rotations will help you keep your tyres in a top-notch condition, extending their service life.
- Rotate the tyres every 10,000 km, or once at six months.
- If you usually carry heavy loads, more frequent rotations could be needed.
- Uneven wear patterns, steering wheel vibration or noisy tyres on smooth roads might indicate the demand for tyre rotation
Find the right professionals and get them rotated on time.
Making a habit out of checking tyre pressure can prevent you from dealing with tyre damage or issues that will affect car performance, mileage, or even come with safety hazards. From fuel efficiency to your car’s braking, turning and handling, tyres at the wrong pressure can imply a variety of issues and risks.
What you need to know is that tyre lose pressure quite frequently, and putting more air in, when needed will allow you to keep your tyres functional, and your rides smooth.
To correctly handle a standard pressure check, use a gauge, handle this task while the tyres are cool, compare the pressure shown on the gauge with your tyres’ recommended psi or bar, and put more air if it’s needed using an air compressor.
Faulty valves can often lead to improper tyre pressure, so if you are losing air too frequently and without any explanations, you should get the valves checked out.
Don’t overload your vehicle
One of the car maintenance tips many drivers unfortunately overlook is not overloading their vehicle. Putting too much weight in your car’s trunk, while the vehicle also has passengers can affect the functionality of your tyres and their service life in general. Check vehicle’s owner’s manual to see what your car load limit is, and stay within the recommended indications. Overloading your car will affect not only the tyres, but other critical components and besides increased fuel consumption, you could also deal with poor handling.
Check them for damage
Be aware of your tyres’ general condition by inspecting them regularly for any damage. Look out for any major impact, for potential penetrations, bludges, cracks or air loss. Some of these issues might actually demand professional repairs or even replacement.
Perform a tyre damage inspection at least once a month, this being highly important for safety reasons. If you are having troubles concluding whether your tyres are damaged or not, simply resort to the services of a professional.
Check tyres for wear
Sometimes, tyres can wear out even before the maximum years of service indicated by the manufacturer. Driving with worn out tyres can be risky, so you should never delay a replacement. Reaching 1.6mm remaining in tread depth usually points out that it’s time to get brand new tyres. If these elements are excessively worn out, you’ll probably be able to tell just by visually inspecting them.
Without proper maintenance habits, your tyres might have suffered a lot of damage, and repairing them is no longer an option. Knowing when the time has come to actually get new tyres can prevent you from facing any safety concerns while driving. These few aspects usually tell you that you need new tyres:
- Blisters or bulges on a tyre’s sidewall
- Tread or sidewall punctures larger than 0,64 mm
- Tread wear bars
- Uneven wear pattern
Each one of these factors points out the need of an actual replacement, so always look for these signs.
Tyre replacement isn’t an easy job you can easily do on your own. Mounting your tyres without having the right experience, for example, can even cause explosions, so it’s always better to visit a car repair shop and let pros handle the task for you.
Your car’s performance, as well as your safety while behind the wheel can be directly influenced by the quality of your tyres. If these are worn out, or haven’t been maintained accordingly, you could deal with a wide variety of issues. When it comes to tyre care, the factors mentioned above are the most important ones to pay attention to. Go through each one of these guidelines and use them to your advantage. And remember, the services life of tyres, even the most qualitative ones, is limited, so always replace them on time.