What is strep throat – Strep throat infection
Whenever you read about a sore throat, you inevitably find that strep throat is a more serious form of the common throat infection. But what is strep throat, what causes it and how can it be treated? Strep throat infections are caused by Streptococcus bacteria, the same bacteria responsible for rheumatic fever. The first signs of strep throat are a sore throat, fever and enlarged lymph nodes. While only five to ten per cent of adult sore throats are caused by strep, almost 40% of sore throats in children are strep related. Consequently, the first test done on patients with sore throats is the strep test, often followed with a strep culture. If any of these tests comes back with a positive result, the bacterial infection is usually treated with antibiotics. Strep throat’s treatment is important, as it prevents rheumatic fever, a complication of strep infections and a severe disease that causes heart damage and joint pain.
What is strep throat recurrence? There are several situations in which a person can have multiple episodes of strep infection. First, the most frequent one is when the bacteria were not initially cleared away from the body. This usually happens when patients do not go through with their treatment. Medication should be taken in the prescribed dosage and for the proper amount of time, which is five to ten days. Second, some persons may be just carriers of the bacteria, without presenting what is a strep throat normal symptom. Thus, they could infect unintentionally their families over and over again. The third situation is rather exceptional: a bacterium that is normally found in the throat can counter the effects of penicillin, the antibiotic used to treat strep infection.
Still, if you are not sure that your persistent sore throat is a strep infection, you can search what is strep throat easiest way of recognition. You will quickly find a list of symptoms and signs of strep throat, such as throat pain, fever higher than 38°C, tonsils’ pus and increased cervical lymph nodes. In some cases, other symptoms have been associated with strep infection: headache, nausea, muscle and abdominal pain, rash. You may also be interested in what is the strep throat incubation period and how it is transmitted, considering this bacterial infection is extremely contagious. The disease is passed on by close contact with contaminated persons and the first symptoms may appear in one to three days from the contact.
An important issue to consider refers to what is strep throat best method of treatment. A preventive measure requires surgery: tonsillectomy could be a solution for those with repeated throat infections. Antibiotics are the common treatment for confirmed bacterial infections and they work in two directions: they prevent possible complication of the illness and they speed the recovery process. However, it is important to have an accurate diagnosis on your throat problem, because what is strep throat could resolve on its own in a couple of days and in most cases, no medication is needed or used.
All in all, the information presented can give you an idea about what is strep throat, how it can be diagnosed and treated.