Constant blocked sinuses and persistent sore throat are the first and main symptoms of an infectious respiratory virus. Many may not pay too much attention to a running nose that lasts more than one or two weeks or to chronic throat pain; but if any discomfort in those areas does not fully heal, even after medication treatments, it is clear that the problem should not be ignored, as more symptoms may appear. Depression, anxiety, memory loss, exhaustion are later signs of a respiratory virus that primarily causes persistent sore throat.
This type of virus is also responsible for compromising the immunity system, so it becomes easier for other infections to occur and spread throughout the body. The so called “persistent sore throat virus” does not seem to respond to a certain treatment and it can be transmitted from one person to another through normal contact. Usually, if one member of a family catches it, most of the other people in that home will be infected within a year. It is important to protect children, pregnant women and women who will undergo in vitro fertilization by isolating the carrier. The virus presents a rather fast incubation period, around twelve hours from the moment a person catches the virus to the first sore throat symptom appears. Ultimately, the virus determines an infection that is not resolved and that spreads throughout the nervous system as well. Thus, it is a chronic condition, in which some of the symptoms may improve over time, while others may become worse. For instance, the persistent sore throat might get better when the proper medication is used, but the anxiety episodes could change a person’s behavior.
Many conditions can cause throat pain or irritation, which is why persistent sore throat could be a sign of other disease and not the result of a respiratory virus. In order to be properly diagnosed, patients ought to remember that persistent sore throat refers to discomfort that lasts for three to four weeks and does not respond to medication prescribed by a doctor. In such cases, the first to be considered are the non- infectious possible causes, such as gastro-oesophageal reflux, irritation from smoke or toxic pollutants and reaction to different allergens. Next, further investigations are made to see if the persistent sore throat is a symptom of an infection, bacterial or viral. Strep infection and mononucleosis are the most common infections responsible for throat pains. Last, if none of these diagnoses can be proven, patients are tested for cancer, especially if neck masses are found. Hypopharyngeal cancer presents a one-sided, localized persistent sore throat, while oropharyngeal cancer creates a feeling of discomfort due to the existence of a mass in the throat.
To sum up, any unexplained, painful and persistent sore throat should be a reason of concern and it should always be checked by a doctor. No matter the cause of the pain, it must be treated appropriately so that it does not become a more serious health issue. All infections and most of the viruses respond to medication, especially if it is taken in the early stages of the disease. People who cannot take antibiotics such as children, pregnant women and women and women who will undergo in vitro fertilization must be protected.